Scaling and root planning
The bacteria and calculus (tartar) which initially caused the infection is removed in order to restore the gum tissue. The gum pockets are cleaned thoroughly with hand instruments and the piezo ultrasonic scaler and at times treated with antibiotics to help stop the infection. A prescription mouthwash may be included with daily brushing.
Pocket elimination surgery
Pocket elimination surgery, also known as flap surgery, is a surgical technique which can be used to reduce the pocket size between the teeth and the gum tissue. Surgery on the jawbone helps to recontour the bone in order to prevent colonization of bacteria.